Information and Communications Technology

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Information and Communications Technology

Information and communication technologies (ICT) have been at the heart of economic changes for more than a decade. The ICT sector plays an important role, notably by contributing to rapid technological progress and productivity growth. Firms use ICT to organize transnational networks in response to international competition and the increasing need for strategic interaction. New technologies and their implementation in productive activities are changing the economic structure and contributing to productivity increases in economies.

Featured Projects: Information + Communications Technology

An Integrated Design Framework for Application Development on Multi-core Processors

Investigator: Sarma Vrudhula

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SRG

Award: $2,000,000   Term: 36 Months

Better performing and faster computer networks are necessary in computing intensive industries like defense. University scientists will help Raytheon, a major employer in Arizona, improve computing capabilities for its current and future products.

Ultralow Voltage Hybrid Polymer/Sol-Gel electro-optic Modulators and Switches for Next-Generation Communication Systems and Networks

Investigator: Nasser Peyghambarian

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: SBC

Award: $298,719   Term: 12 Months

The new Arizona-based company TIPD, LLC will commercialize a new type of electronic switch that uses electronic and light components to greatly increase the speed, yet reduce the cost and energy consumption of broadband communications such as the kind we need for TV cable and Internet.

Nanophotonics Technologies for Next Generation Communication and Information Technology Systems

Investigator: Cun-Zheng Ning

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SRG

Award: $50,000   Term: 12 Months

University scientists are using light particles in very small structures to make key devices needed in computers, cells phones, and sensors. This new technology is called ‘nano’ because of the extremely small size of the devices, and will bring many technical jobs to Arizona.

Research Projects: Information + Communications Technology

Generalized Text extraction from Life Science and Biomedicine abstracts: empowering the CBioC mass collaborative curation and reasoning systems

Investigator: Steve Baral

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: CAA

Award: $138,603   Term: 18 Months

Scientists and physicians often rely on databases to find critical pieces of information quickly and reliably. Unfortunately, automated databases often contain inaccuracies, so Arizona scientists are developing a new method for collecting information with user input for corrections, which will expand Arizona’s growing prominence in data storage and medical diagnostic.

Decision Support for Defining Historical Fire Regimes: The International Multiproxy Paleofire Database

Investigator: Connie Woodhouse

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: CAA

Award: $71,195   Term: 18 Months

Wildfires can have an extremely negative impact on climate and biodiversity of Arizona forests.  This national database will help us understand how and provide support for the state’s economic sectors that rely on water supplies, forest resources, and tourism.

An Integrated Design Framework for Application Development on Multi-core Processors

Investigator: Sarma Vrudhula

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SRG

Award: $2,000,000   Term: 36 Months

Better performing and faster computer networks are necessary in computing intensive industries like defense. University scientists will help Raytheon, a major employer in Arizona, improve computing capabilities for its current and future products.

A Novel threshold logic based circuit architecture for high performance and low power digital systems

Investigator: Sarma Vrudhula

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SBC

Award: $490,000   Term: 24 Months

In partnership with Raytheon, university scientists are delivering better performing computer networks by using new programming approaches and operating system policies that harness available computation resources more effectively.

CMOS Compatible SOI MESFETs for Advanced Communication and Information Technology

Investigator: Trevor Thornton

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SBC

Award: $236,095   Term: 26 Months

Arizona start-up SJT Micropower is leveraging federally funded projects from NASA and the DOD to commercialize a new type of electrical circuit that can run with much lower power and higher speed than ever before. This is an important advance in manufacture of medical devices, space vehicles, and defense products.

Measuring Data Quality Using Provenance

Investigator: Sudha Ram

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: SRG

Award: $540,000   Term: 36 Months

Almost every decision in today’s enterprises is based on data from sources as diverse as databases and the web. To ensure it is used appropriately and within context, AZ scientists, in partnership with Raytheon, are developing a method to evaluate data quality and understanding the relationship between provenance and quality.

Miniature Fiber-Optic Femto-Tesla Magnetic Field Probes for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Brain Activity

Investigator: Nasser Peyghambarian

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: SBC

Award: $111,656   Term: 12 Months

By stimulating brain cells every time they process information, AZ startup company TIPD, LLC., in collaboration with university scientists,  to create better images of the brain non-invasively. The result is the potential to revolutionize diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s.

Ultralow Voltage Hybrid Polymer/Sol-Gel electro-optic Modulators and Switches for Next-Generation Communication Systems and Networks

Investigator: Nasser Peyghambarian

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: SBC

Award: $298,719   Term: 12 Months

The new Arizona-based company TIPD, LLC will commercialize a new type of electronic switch that uses electronic and light components to greatly increase the speed, yet reduce the cost and energy consumption of broadband communications such as the kind we need for TV cable and internet.

Cognitive Aspects of Mental Disorders Diagnosis and Treatment in Primary Care

Investigator: Vimla Patel

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: CAA

Award: $267,872   Term: 14 Months

When clinicians encounter mental disorders in patients, it is important for them to understand what particular behaviors or statements result in one diagnosis over another. AZ university scientists are designing technologies to train clinicians and provide them with objective tools to aid decisions, resulting in better medicine in Arizona.

Nanophotonics Technologies for Next Generation Communication and Information Technology Systems

Investigator: Cun-Zheng Ning

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SRG

Award: $50,000   Term: 12 Months

University scientists are using light particles in very small structures to make key devices needed in computers, cells phones, and sensors. This new technology is called ‘nano’ because of the extremely small size of the devices, and will bring many technical jobs to Arizona.

Low-cost ultrafast lasers based on short, heavily-doped phosphate-glass fiber

Investigator: Jerome Moloney

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: SBC

Award: $499,000   Term: 15 Months

Laser fibers amplify and direct light, and have many applications in medicine and everyday life, such as for TV cable, phone, and internet. A newly created AZ company Polar Laser Laboratories, LLC is improving on these fibers to make them faster, less expensive, and more energy-efficient.

Heterostructure Nanowire Device Simulation for Robust Manufacturing

Investigator: Denis Mamaluy

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: CAA

Award: $133,000   Term: 18 Months

Nanodevices are very small implements used in applications such as computers and highly sensitive sensors able to detect a single atom of a dangerous chemical. AZ scientists are creating computer models of how these devices work so they can improve their performance and test them in a variety of environments.

Controlling Light for Tomorrow's Information Infrastructure

Investigator: Franko Kueppers

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: CAA

Award: $108,599   Term: 18 Months

In order to prepare for the impending demands of tomorrow’s information infrastructure, Dr. Kueppers is working on pushing photonics beyond its current domain with the goal to improve the transmission backbone and the peripheral customized functionality needed for processing signals, routing data, and controlling traffic ‘on demand’.

Enhancing Teaching Effectiveness in Undergraduate Geology Education Through the Use of Pen-Tablet Computers

Investigator: Thomas Hoisch

Institution: Northern Arizona University

Program: CAA

Award: $109,515   Term: 18 Months

By making use of outdoor viewable color displays, longer lasting batteries, multiple docking options, and touch screen capabilities, educating the next generation geologists, mining engineers and farmers has been made more exciting, more efficient and more effective.

Building Greener Datacenters in Arizona

Investigator: Sandeep Gupta

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: CAA

Award: $298,424   Term: 18 Months

In partnership with Intel, University scientists are creating new and economically attractive methods for efficient and safe storage of data by managing power consumption and heat, enabling Arizona to maintain its lead as a location for data storage centers, clusters, and network server farms in the US.

Extraction and Normalization of Biological Entity Terms form Text for Gene Target Selection

Investigator: Graciela Gonzalez

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: CAA

Award: $185,688   Term: 18 Months

Extracting useful and precise information from technical texts is an art as well as a science, and AZ researchers are coming up with automated, yet accurate, ways to organize useful terms and information in an easily searchable database that scientists access and use at their convenience and with confidence.

Polaris: Polarization Raytracing

Investigator: Russell Chipman

Institution: University of Arizona

Program: SRG

Award: $1,200,000   Term: 36 Months

Scientists, in partnership with Breault (BRO) Research, are developing computer programs to improve control of a certain kind of light – polarized light- which has broad applications for cutting edge military, industrial, and commercial markets ranging from missile systems to LCD television manufacturing.

Developing a State of the Art Biological Interaction Extraction System

Investigator: Steve Baral

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: CAA

Award: $37,976   Term: 12 Months

Researchers trying to discover the pathway of a disease or a drug need to know endless facts which should be extracted from articles into an easily accessible database. AZ scientists are designing the most accurate such database by combining automated and human extraction of knowledge, with tremendous federal leveraging opportunities.

Advanced Photovoltaic Devices for Energy Conversion and Biomedical Applications

Investigator: Yong Zhang

Institution: Arizona State University

Program: SRG

Award: $500,000   Term: 12 Months

Global Solar Inc and First Solar Inc, along with university scientists, are developing a new solar cell that is three times more efficient than conventional cells, reducing the cost of solar power and generating interest from in-state and out-of-state solar manufacturers for residential, commercial and military applications.

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